Wraak van die ietermago!!

Call it the revenge of the pangolin.

It’s been one of the most under-reported stories of recent times, the link found by researchers in two entirely separate studies between the deadly coronavirus epidemic sweeping China, and now the globe, and the consumption – or contact with – pangolin scales and meat.

The two studies were reported almost simultaneously by Daily Maverick in South Africa and Xinhau News Agency in China. The Daily Maverick story, by Don Pinnock and Tiara Walters, broke the news of both studies, one by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, the second by a team at the South China Agricultural University, while the Xinhau report, which was not bylined, reported on the South China study.

Both are the kinds of studies that in a normal world, would have gone virtually unnoticed. But this isn’t a normal world: the coronavirus, if unchecked, has the potential to become a global pandemic.

Some reports claim that coronavirus could rival the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic, which according to Wikipedia killed “anywhere from 17 million to 50 million, and possibly as high as 100 million” people, a staggering 1% to 5% of Earth’s population at the time.

Understandably, the World Health Organisation, while declaring coronavirus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (a “global health emergency”), has tried to allay fears of a global pandemic on the scale of the Spanish flu: the world is a very different place 102 years later, the quantum leaps in health, science and technology are light years more advanced.

But the news that a global health emergency can be traced back to consumption or handling of the humble pangolin (to bats, actually, with pangolins as the vector), the most trafficked mammal on Earth, is staggering in its implications. And at the same time, a ray of hope for endangered species globally.

Previous outbreaks of disease have been traced to animals – Ebola to bats, SARS to Asian palm civets, MERS to camels. Many (albeit not all) of the threats to endangered wildlife – and African wildlife in particular – come from the East and the trade in wildlife products for their traditional culinary, status, and medicinal uses.

Rhino horn, ivory, abalone, tiger and lion bones and claws, and bear bile are just some of the sought-after products. But the pangolin trade is particularly destructive – as I have written before, “it takes around 1,900 pangolins killed to produce one ton of scales. In 2018, 48 tons of scales were seized, the equivalent of 91,200 pangolins – a helluva lot more gets through undetected. Pangolin scales are a lot easier to smuggle than rhino horns or elephant tusks”.

China reacted fast to the news of the pangolin breakthrough: on 10 February, its legislature, the National People’s Congress, announced it would update wildlife protection laws to “toughen the crackdown on wildlife trafficking”. Xinhua reported that “the supervision, inspection and law enforcement should be strengthened to ensure that wildlife trade markets are banned and closed”.

The sad fact is that it takes a global health emergency for the world’s biggest consumer of illegally trafficked wildlife products to take action.

The happy fact is that there may, finally, be hope for that most endearing of creatures, the humble pangolin.

Make the most of your tax benefits

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) has put several tax incentives in place to encourage us to save more for our retirement and other long-term goals. You forfeit these if you do not make use of them each year. With the end of the tax year approaching, Carla Rossouw explains the differences between the available products.

There are tax benefits associated with both retirement annuities (RAs) and tax-free investments (TFIs), but the benefits are structured differently, and the product rules are quite distinct. Depending on your goals and objectives, there may be a place for both products in your investment portfolio.

Understand your options

Table 1 summarises the key features of the Allan Gray Retirement Annuity and the Allan Gray Tax-Free Investment. A good, independent financial adviser can help you decide which product is most appropriate for your circumstances.

Let the magic of compound interest work for you

The longer you leave your money invested, the harder compound interest can work for you. Graph 1 shows how much an initial investment of R33 000 (the annual TFI contribution limit) could grow over 20 years. The total growth is shown in nominal terms (i.e. includes inflation) and we have assumed an average annual return of 10%.

Deeg skelmpies

Lynette Muller

Bestanddele
1½ kop. meelblom.
¼ tl. sout.
1½ tl. bakpoeier.
peper.
1 eier.
1 kop. melk.

Meode
Klits eiers en melk goed. Roer stadig by meel, sout en bakpoeier. Doop stukkies hoender of enige koue vleis daarin en bak in warm olie.

Wenk
Jy kan basies enigiets in die degie sit en braai ook vrugte stukkies.

Soet suur vark

Rika Theron

Ingredients:
1,5 kg pork spareribs (or lamb)
125 ml soy sauce
30 ml tomato sauce
30 ml honey
15 ml sherry
5 ml vinegar
1 clove garlic, crushed
500 ml cooked rice.

Method:
Remove excess fat and gristle from spareribs and place in a shallow dish. Combine soy sauce, honey, garlic, sherry, vinegar and tomato sauce and pour over spareribs. Marinade for 1 hour, turn and marinade for 1 hour more. Drain, reserving the marinade and place ribs on a rack in a baking tin. Brush well with marinade and bake (180°C) for 30 minutes. Turn ribs, brush with marinade and bake for another 30 minutes. Serve on a bed of hot rice.

Seisoenwense

Geseende Kersfees en voorspoedige 2019 vir almal

Souskluitjies

Bestanddele:
Probeer gerus die treffer souskluitjie resep… reg uit ouma se resepteboek
Benodighede: 250 ml Koekmeelblom
10 ml Bakpoeier 1 ekstra groot eier , of 2 medium eiers
50 ml Botter
100 ml Vars melk
Knippie sout Stroop:
700 ml water Kaneelsuiker
25 ml botter

So gemaak:
Sif droë bestanddele saam Vryf die botter in die mengsel met vingerpunte in totdat die mengsel soos broodkrummels begin lyk. Klits eier en melk saam , voeg by meelmengsel Meng goed deur.
Bring water en 25 ml botter tot kookpunt. Skep nou lepelsvol van die sagte deeg in die kokende water.
Sit die deksel op die kastrol en bring tot kookpunt. Stel plaat se hitte na laagste stelling, kook sowat 20 minute.
NB: Moenie die kastrol se deksel tydens die kook proses oplig nie!!!
Skep kluitjies uit in mooi groot bak, sprinkel liggies met kaneelsuiker Voeg nou vinnig 10 groot eetlepels kaneelsuiker met die oorblywende stroop in die kastrol, bring tot kookpunt , hou aan roer tot lekker dik stroperige sous
Giet nou die sous oor die kluitjies ,
Laat rus die kluitjies in stroop vir 10-15 min voor opskep. Bedien met heerlike warm tuisgemaakte vla.

Verdere spoke

Die een bibliotekaresse in Kimberley se ou biblioteek kon jy gereeld op die spiraaltrap in haar Victoriaanse drag sien en soms as jy naby genoeg was ‘n vae reukie van roosgeurige reukwater. Die gebou weord nou net vir naslaanwerke bewaring en restourasie gebruik so ek glo sy is in haar element.

In Bloemfontein het ek die voorreg gehad on die ou raadsaal te sien waar daar heelparty tenwoordig was.

Die snaakste een wat ek so op reis raakgeloop het was net anderkant Potch op die Pretoria pad. ek het gestop vir koffie n ‘n broodjie toe die man uit die veld by my aankom em hulp vra. Hy wou sy nageslag help m sy plaas te behou het hy gesê maar nie een van hulle kon hom aanvoel nie hy het my die veld in ge neem na ‘ groor swarthaak boom en ‘n klip laat skuif wat half in die stam in was en onder die kon ek die kant van ‘n ou saalsak raaksien, Ek is terug pad toe en mret die motor na die plaashuis waar ek met groot moeite en belofte van ‘n pak slae die boer so vêr kon kry o my te vergesel met graaf en halfemmer water Osn het dertig veld-ponde in die sak gekry waarvan die man na vele aandrang twee aan my kon afsmeer op belofte dat hy my nooit gesien het nie, Die volgende dorpie se boere-oorlog museum het maande lank gesoek na die onbekende wat twee veldpode ongeveer dieselfde tyd in hul bydrae bussie gegooi het